Sugar cane is one the main source in production of sugar and it belongs to the grass family Poaceae. It is native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South Asia and Melanesia. It is used as raw material in human food industries or it also is fermented to produce ethanol. Sugarcane also produced falernum, molasses, rum, cachaca, bagasse and ethanol other than sugar products. Brazilian sugarcane industry produced large scale of Ethanol. Brazil is the number one producer of sugar cane in the world followed by India, China, Thailand and Pakistan. Almost 80% of sugar in the world is made by sugarcane. According to Food and Agriculture Organization of United States (FAO) sugarcane is cultivated in more than 90 countries and has of 1.88 billion tons yearly. Here we are listing top 5 sugar Cane Producing Countries in the world.
Sugar cane was introduced in Brazil five centuries ago and it is world’s number one sugar cane producing country now. São Paulo hs almost 60% of the whole country production. Paraná, Triângulo Mineiro and Zona da Mata Nordestina are the other production regions. Brazil is the he biggest producer and exporter of sugar and second largest producer of Ethanol as well. They produced 768,090,444 m/t of sugar cane last year and it is almost 40.4% world’s total sugar cane production.
India is world’s second largest producer of sugar cane in the world. Almost two-thirds of the total sugarcane produced in India is used for making gur and khandsari and only one third of it goes to sugar factories. It also gives raw material for producing alcohol. Sugar cane can last in a variety of soils including loams, clayey loams, black cotton soils, brown or reddish loams and even laterites also. Uttar Pradesh is the main state that produce almost 70 per cent of sugarcane .
China is also one of the largest producer of sugar cane in the world. almost 80 percent of China’s sugarcane produced in South and Southwest regions, including Guangxi, Guangdong, and Yunnan provinces. Guangdong is the leading sugar cane supplying province in China. They produced 128,200,912 m/t of sugar cane last year and it is almost 6.7% of world’s total sugar cane production.
Thailand is world’s fourth largest producer of sugar cane and has become one of the world’s leading exporters as well. In Thailand there are approximately 107 000 small holders who grow sugarcane. They produced 100,095,580 m/t of sugar cane last year and it is almost 5.2% of world’s total sugar cane production.
Sugar is one of the important crop in Pakistan and they are one of the leading sugar cane cultivators now. It used in industries like sugar, chip board, paper, barrages, confectionery, uses in chemicals, plastics, paints, synthetics, fiber, insecticides and detergents. The Punjab Province has produced 60 to 65 percent of sugar cane. They produced 63,749,900 m/t of sugar cane last year and it is almost 3.3% of world’s total sugar cane production.