Top 5

Top 5 Leading Causes of Death in India

Indian medical field changed a lot now days with the advancement in medical and healthcare industry. Many dangerous diseases have been disappeared with invention of powerful vaccinations and treatment courses. However, India is still challenged by some killer diseases. Here is the list of top five leading causes of death in India.


1. Ischaemic Heart Disease

Ischaemic Heart Disease also known as Coronary Artery Disease. It affects the supply of blood to the heart. The blood vessels are narrowed or blocked due to the deposition of cholesterol on their walls and this makes reduces the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscles, that is essential for proper functioning of the heart.

Causes of  Ischaemic Heart Disease

  • smoking, diabetes mellitus and cholesterol levels.
  •  Hypercholesterolemia have a much higher tendency to develop the disease.
  • Hypertension
  • Genetic and hereditary
  • Stress

Symptoms of Ischaemic Heart Disease

  • Angina pectoris
  • Acute chest pain: which can be associated with acute coronary syndrome, unstable angina or myocardial infarction
  • Heart failure – difficulty in breathing or swelling of the extremities due to weakness of the heart muscle

Ischaemic Heart Disease prevention

Smoking, fatty diet, sedentary lifestyle and stress should be avoided. Foods rich in saturated fats is important to reduce lipid levels in the blood. Need a regular exercise.

2. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a progressive disease that makes it hard to breathe. There are two main common form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. COPD is a major cause of disability. Exposure to biomass smoke becomes a major risk factor for COPD in India

  • Chronic bronchitis, which involves a long-term cough with mucus
  • Emphysema, which involves damage to the lungs over time

Cause of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

  • Smoking is the major cause of COPD
  • air pollution, chemical fumes, or dust

Symptoms of Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

  • cough,
  • chest discomfort,
  • shortness of breath
  • wheezing.
  • Blueness of the lips or fingernail beds (cyanosis)
  • Frequent respiratory infections
  • Lack of energy
  • Unintended weight loss (in later stages)

 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease prevention

  • quite smoking
  • avoid bad air
  • get vaccines ( Flu vaccines, Pneumococcal vaccine, Pertussis vaccine)


Strokes comes due to problems with the blood supply to the brain. Either the blood supply is blocked or a blood vessel within the brain ruptures that causing brain tissue to die. When brain tissues die during a stroke, abilities controlled by that area of the brain are lost.

three main kinds of stroke

Ischemic strokes

Blood vessel that takes blood in your brain gets blocked.

Hemorrhagic strokes

Blood vessel in your brain bursts and bleed

transient ischemic attack

Temporary blockage cause mini stroke.

Symptoms of stroke

  • difficulty speaking and understanding
  • numbness of the face, arm or leg
  • difficulty in seeing
  • head ache
  • difficulty in walking

stroke prevention

  •  healthy diet
  • healthy weight
  • exercise
  • quite smoking
  • quite alcohol use

Diarrhoeal diseases

Diarrhea is happen through infectious organisms, including viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and helminths, that are transmitted from one individual to another through mouth and it is the second leading disease cause of death in children under five years. Severe dehydration and fluid loss is the main cause of people who die from diarrhoea.

Cause of diarrhoeal disease

  • Water contaminated with human faeces
  • Animal faeces
  • food prepared in unhygienic condition
  • Fish and seafood from polluted water

Symptoms diarrhoeal disease

  • Frequent, loose, watery stools
  • Abdominal cramps
  • pain in abdominal
  • Fever
  • Blood in the stool
  • Bloating

diarrhoeal disease prevention

  • Use safe drinking-water
  • improved sanitation
  • hand washing before taking food
  • food hygiene
  • rotavirus vaccination

Influenza and Pneumonia

Influenza is caused by a virus and usually is spread through coughing or sneezing and it is mainly affected  the nose, throat, airways, and lungs. Influenza including pneumonia affected to older adults, young children, and people with certain health conditions, are at high risk for serious complications. pneumonia or influenza is risk for people with heart disease, diabetes and AIDS.

cause of influenza

  • influenza virus types A, B, and c

Symptoms of Influenza

  • fever
  • headache
  • fatigue
  • cough
  • runny or stuffy nose
  • body pain
  • diarrhea and vomiting

Influenza prevention

  • get vaccines
  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick
  • Stay home when you are in sick
  • cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze
  • get good sleep
  • drink large amount of water

cause of Influenza

  • caused by different bacteria, viruses

symptoms of Pneumonia

  • chest pain
  • shaking chills
  • fever
  • dry cough
  • muscle pain
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • fast breathing
  • fast heartbeat

Pneumonia prevention

  • get vaccines
  • quit smoke
  • eat healthy food
  • excercise

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