The banana is an edible fruit produced by several kinds of large herbaceous and it is the largest herbaceous flowering plant. Banana is variable in size, color, and firmness. Raw bananas contains 75% water, 23% carbohydrates, including sugars, protein and fat Bananas are an excellent source of vitamin B6. Here we are listing top five banana producing countries. Lets see the details below.
Importance of banana
- It id good for bone and eye
- It may prevent kidney cancer
- It is good for ulcer patients
- It helps weight management
- It is good for heart
- It contain good volume of energy
- It is good source of vitamins and minerals
India is the world’s largest banana producing country and it is second most important fruit crop in India after mango. India is host to a wide diversity of bananas. The major banana producing states are in the northeastern and southern parts of the country. Tamil Nadu has the largest area followed by Maharashtra and Karnataka but the highest productivity is recorded in Maharashtra, followed by Tamil Nadu and Madhya Pradesh. There are more than 20 types of bananas are grown in India, such as Poovan, Nendran, Karpuravalli, Kunnan, Ney Poovan, Thella Chakkara Keli and Monthan. Bananas are also used in cuisine in the Indian state of Kerala, they are steamed made into curries and also fried into chips. Banana leaf also has an importance in India, the South Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala in every occasion the food must be served in a banana leaf.
China is also one of the leading banana producing country in the world and banana become one of the most important fruit crops in the country. Banana is mainly cultivated in Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Fujian, Yunnan Province and Sichuan province. China has many wild range of banana species.
Banana is one of the main agricultural product in Philippines and they are the second largest banana exporter in the world. Main export destinations for fresh Cavendish bananas are China, Japan, Korea, the Middle East and New Zealand. Total land area planted with different varieties of bananas in the Philippines reached 441,951 hectares in 2014 and main banana production is located in Mindanao.
Brazil is also one of the leading banana producing country in the world and they accounts approximately 10% of the entire world banana production. The southeastern state of São Paulo is the main producer in Brazil and other main areas where bananas in Brazil are cultivated include Pratain North-East Brazil; Belo Horizonte, Vitoria, Rio de Janeiro and Florianopolis. Theyexperts banana in countries such as France, Belgium, UK, Japan and the Czech Republic.
Ecuador is one of the largest banana producing country in the world and it is important to the national economy. They are exports exports more than 4 million tonnes annually. Los Rios, El Oro and Guayas are the three main provinces produce most of the bananas. There are around 300 varieties of bananas grown in Ecuador, the widely grown variety is Cavendish. Banana is mostly grown on private plantations under the control of national and international companies such as Chiquita, Del Monte, Dole, and Noboa.