Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by parasites and it is transmitted through bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. April 25 is World Malaria Day. Symptoms of malaria are fever, fatigue, vomiting, and headaches and it usually begin ten to fifteen days after being bitten. Children and pregnant women are the worst affected, more than 80% of deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa among children under five. Every year, there are an estimated 250 million cases of malaria leading to about one million deaths. Malaria can be reduced by preventing mosquito bites by using mosquito nets and insect repellents and with mosquito-control measures such as spraying insecticides and draining standing water. Here we are listing the countries with the most deaths from malaria.
Malaria is the major health problem in Nigeria. There has more cases and deaths than any other country in the world. Malaria is risk for Almost 97% of Nigeria’s population and it contributes also 11% of maternal mortality. There are 100 million malaria cases with over 300,000 deaths per year. 30 % of Children under five years of age in Nigeria hospitalized.
Democratic Republic of Congo
Malaria is an endemic in certain regions of the Congo. There are almost 7,657 treated in Lulingu, Katchungu and Tchonka areas in 2013. The DRC is one of the poorest countries in the world so only about 37 percent of the population can access good health facilities. It accounts more than 70 percent of all outpatient visits and 30% hospitalization. It is the primer cause of morbidity and mortality. 40% of child deaths is caused by malaria in DRC.
Malaria is the major health issue in Mozambique and it is the major reason of morbidity and mortality especially among children. Malaria represents around 45% of all cases in outpatient visits,around 56% of inpatient at paediatric clinics and around 26% of all hospital deaths. According to Demographic Health Survey, malaria increases 46.3% in rural areas compared to 16.8% in urban areas.
Burkina Faso facing major health issue of malaria, it is the number one cause of death at healthcare facilities in Burkina Faso, and most of the dead are children. Especially in rainy season out of a population of 17 million, the country listed almost 7 million cases of malaria in 2013.
Malaria is one of the major serious public health issue in Sierra Leone. There were more than 1.7 million cases of malaria in Sierra Leone in 2013. Malaria represents about 50% of outpatient visits and 38% of admissions and it contribute to 38% and 25% of child and all-ages mortality rates, respectively.